What is finesse or schnible?
This is when you take a trick with a lower card in your hand,or you stay under in hopes of catching a higher valued card on the next trick.
the most common finesse is or if the soloist /player leads out the 9 of clubs rather than you taking the trick with the Ace you take the trick with the King in hopes to catch the 10 in the next trick.this is a very common move in skat. here you make 2 tricks instead of 1 .IF the soloist did not discard the 10.
The question is Why and When to schnible ? and a big question sometimes is who to finesse?
2 main reasons why we schnible? 1) you will get a better valued trick next time,or catch the 10. 2) you don't give the player control of that suit example the player has and you have ,if you double finesse stay under the King and Q lead ,you will catch the 10 on the 3rd trick,giving you max value for your 1 heart trick.
The rule of thumb is to finesse the soloists lead and not your partners lead. meaning if you partner leads the suit,you should put on the ace. if the player leads the suit it ok to finesse . Why? for a few reasons .IF your partner leads this suit he is either long or short in that suit. If he is long the player will now have to Trump the suit,And if your partner is short,You will make that trick and lead it back and your partner will now be able to trump that players trick.
This is why opening leads should be long or short.
This is also why you as the player or soloist should not schnible on the first lead.(sometimes to win a hand that is weak or to try to make 90 one can finesse the first lead but it is not recommended )
Finessing should not be a guessing game.Too many players make this mistake and finesse everything,and ofcourse there are those that also make the mistake of finessing nothing. That's why we make simple playing rules to follow to give you the edge until you become great at knowing WHEN?<WHO? HOW? to finesse.
Don'T finesse your partner and Don't finesse the opening lead.
Now for the Deep schnible.This is for the advanced player There are 3/4 types of deep schnible .A deep finesse is where it takes 2 leads to be rewarded for your finesse. These are the deep finesse cards ,stay under with the seven and make 2 tricks with ace and king
,stay under the king lead and make 2 tricks with Q ,ace
take trick with queen and then make trick with 10
like above stay under twice and catch the 10
ALL DEEP FINESSES ARE RISKY and you may end up losing good tricks,but at the right time its a fantastic move.(good player expect you to finesse and discard cards that make you think you should finesse,so be aware of possible discards)
AS a beginner a good rule of thumb is see the picture(K<Q) take the trick with the Ace ,UNTILL you learn to finesse properly. Why? because a 14 or 15 pt trick is over half that suits value and a bird in the hand is always better than the one on the fence.
The most obvious sign to schnible is when the player has tricked off the other 2 suits.example clubs is trump,spades is lead the player trumps that suit,then hearts is lead and that suit is also trumped. then this is a sign to finesse the diamonds like crazy,even deep schnible.
Now there is one other finesse that is used by pro's only
here the player leads out a small spade,you put on the 8 rather than the 10.what you are hoping for is that the player thinks a deep schnible just occurred and therefore they throw away another trick in hopes to catch your 10.This can only be played against good player that understand the deep finesse concept.
STICK with basic finesse rules and you'll do well.Once you follow those basics you can venture off into guessing where and when to finnese.Remember don't guess when schnibling .Know when and who to schnible.